I specialize in information design because I am intrigued by the relationship between design and cognition, specifically with situational design serving a precise communicative role for, or in, cognitive demanding events. Advocating inclusivity through design is central in pursuing design research for evacuation information and projects that address public information. I prioritize participatory design and the importance of benchmarking as methods to measure the success of a project and how it communicates to its intended audience. I continue to pursue interdisciplinary work that provides interaction and engagement with other specializations.
As a design researcher and writer, I include design principles into the discussions of other disciplines and participate in holistic conversations about communication, policy and access to usable information. My decisions to present papers and choose to publish are consistent with this philosophy. I continually promote open exchanges and transparency in order to deconstruct the perception of what design is, what it can do and what it already does. The invitation and inter-connectivity that design has in humanities, government, social sciences and sciences has been inviting and welcoming.
I serve on the Executive Board of Directors for the Design Network for Emergency Management and on the Executive Board as Vice President of the International Institute of Information Design (IIID). I have the opportunity to extend my design interests, research, and practice as part of these international communities.
IIID is based in Vienna, Austria and its main concern is to contribute to a better understanding within the human community with respect to cultural and economic issues by means of improved visual and other forms of communication. IIID believes that data transformed into high-quality information empower people to attain goals. In other words, how to get the right information, at the right time, to the people who need it, in a form they understand and enables them to achieve a specific outcome. Find out more at: www.iiid.net
DNEM ensures that design is leveraged to its full potential to minimize the impacts of adverse events. DNEM provides transdisciplinary expertise on the use of design before, during, and after emergencies. DNEM is an international resource surrounding the topics of design and emergency planning demonstrating completed work, interdisciplinary case studies, and work that are in progress. DNEM unifies and encourages quality research and applications in this specialized area of design. Through its collective nature, DNEM builds a stronger body of knowledge, credibility, and presence in emergency planning. We currently have 19 members from various sectors of emergency management policymakers, information designers, academics, and scientists that represent 5 countries. We will be completing our set of first published guidelines this year. DNEM is only 1 of 2 external networks endorsed by the International Institute of Information Design. Find out more at: dnem.org
Recent publications in emergency management
- “TsunamiClear public-facing evacuation maps” featured case study in Information Design Workbook, 2nd edition. Kim Baer. Rockport Publishers (2021)—Buy the book here on amazon.
- “Visual Infrastructures of COVID-19 Messaging” Inmaterial. Diseño, Arte y Sociedad, volume 6, issue 12 (2021)
- “Visual Communication and Cognition in Everyday Decision-Making” IEEE C&G, 37(6), pp.10-18. 0272-1716/17 (2017)
Abstract: The role of visual communication quickly changes, however, and with the influence and evolution of new materials and technology, commercial art and graphic design approaches were created. From cuneiform (a writing system that dates back to Mesopotamia that used a stylus to imprint markings on clay tablets) to Johannes Gutenberg’s development of metal movable type and the start of the printing revolution, materials and technology created opportunities for visual communication to reach more people and share more diverse messaging faster than ever before.
- “Design for Evacuation: Improving City Evacuation Instructions.” Parsons Institute for Information Mapping, 3:2 (2011)—Download the article here.
- “The Taxonomy of Urgent Wayfinding: Assessing Graphic Variables, Components and Rules of Legibility in City Evacuation Maps” The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences (2009)—Download the article here.
Abstract: This paper summarizes the evaluation of twelve city evacuation maps currently used in the United States for hurricane, fire, flooding or other scenarios requiring area evacuation. Each map is assessed by its use of components, graphic variables, and “general rules of legibility” as defined by Jacques Bertin in Semiology of Graphics (1983). Components include external and internal identification, level of organization, and length of components; variables include size, value, texture, color, orientation, and shape variation; and the general rules of legibility include graphic density, angular legibility and retinal legibility. The influential effect of mental health and physical stress will also be identified as key components in wayfinding design for urgent and emergency situations. The psychology of emergency ingress/egress and disaster psychology will provide a better understanding of decision-making challenges placed on people involved in distressed scenarios.
List of invited talks and interviews
Claudine served on the Santa Barbara Sherrif’s Search and Rescue Team and was EMT certified in Santa Barbara County between 2002-2003 before she left to graduate school in the UK.
- AwareNow: Awareness Ties Official Platform for Causes. Bias “Step Aside” by Sonja Montiel. Interview available starting on page 120 (2022)
- Innovation Summit for Preparedness and Resilience (National Alliance for Public Safety GIS). Keynote speaker (2022)
- National Flood Council. Invited talk in “Understanding Effective Communication Before, During, and After Emergencies” (2022)
- Iowa Flood Center. Invited talk in “Understanding Effective Communication Before, During, and After Emergencies” (2022)
- FEMA Alert and Warning Webinar. Invited talk in “Understanding Effective Communication Before, During, and After Emergencies” (2022)
- National Science Foundation: Bringing Land, Ocean, Atmosphere, and Ionosphere Data to the Community for Hazard Alerts. Invited talk in “Forest Fire” Session (2021)
- Chapman University COVID-19 Taskforce. Invited talk in “Risk Literacy: Improving the Understanding of Risk, Prevention and Supporting Effective Behavior on Campus ” Video available (2021)
- Chapman University COVID-19 Taskforce. Invited talk in “Assessment and Best Practices: Visual Infrastructures of COVID-19 Messaging” Video available (2021)
- “New Wildfire Tactic: Help People Flee,” Scientific American. Interviewed by Anne C. Mulkern, August 16 (2021) Article available.
- FEMA First Bi-annual Alert and Warning National Integration Center Series. Invited talk, “Understanding effective application of visual language: Clarity, Consistency, and Repetition” (2021)
- John Maeda, MIT Media Lab, podcast “World leaders’ insights on navigating safety matters through design, technology, engineering, and computer science .” Invited interview (2021)
- VoyageLA. Interview available (2020)
- FEMA PrepTalk. Invited research talk and proposal for the standardization of emergency information to the public in the United States. Video available (2019)
- Center for Homeland Defense and Security, Naval Postgraduate Academy. Invited research talk and proposal for visual communication best practices of national public-facing emergency actionable information (2019)
- FEMA National Advisory Council. Invited research talk and proposal for the standardization of emergency information to the public in the United States (2018)
- World Design Summit (Montreal, Canada). Invited talk in “Design for Extremes: Crisis and Resilience” Session (2017)
- College of Art Association (CAA). Invited talk in “Worst-Case scenario” Session (2017)
- American Geophysical Union. San Francisco. Project and paper presentation (2015)
- California Emergency Management Conference. Project presentation (2012)
- National Evacuation Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana. Project presentation (2012)