My initial interest originated from examining the taxonomy of semiotics and visualization currently used in two approaches of evacuation information; city evacuation instructions and airline evacuation cards. These two formats provided juxtaposition in visual representation and effectiveness of communication, regulation (or lack thereof), comparisons between local and national government, planning and the assessment of path-knowledge for people who use them. Cognitive variables in the psychology of emergency ingress and egress, collective behavior, tunnel vision and issues in temporary cognitive paralysis were applied to the assessment and evaluation of how evacuation information was created and how it performed in the situation it was intended. The conclusion in addressing current evacuation material was presented as a proposal for a pre-evacuation campaign that would improve residential information, planning, more accurate cognitive mapping and path-knowledge. You can download full research papers here: sb_tsunami
This project is endorsed by the Governor’s Office of Emergency Services, U.S. Department of Commerce National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, United States Geological Survey, United States Geological Survey, and Design Network for Emergency Planning.
The project received recognition, awards and publication, including Wayshowing > Wayfinding II: Basic and Interactive by Per Mollerup (2013).